Trees and bushes are the most common types of plants used for
windbreaks. Native or adaptive vegetation should be utilized
regardless the plant type in order to minimize irrigation and
maintenance requirements. The windbreak should be positioned to
block and redirect prevailing winds. The distance between the
vegetation and the structure will depend on the mature height of the
tree or shrub. As noted above, windbreaks provide habitats for
animals, including birds. This is an important consideration if the
windbreak is to be placed near a runway.
Plant selection should ensure sufficient growth
density to prevent wind from excessively penetrating the windbreak.